Summer Weather Safety Tips - Heat



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Sunburn

  • Skin redness and pain
  • possible swelling
  • blisters, fever
  • headaches.

(First Aid) – Take a soapy shower, if blisters occur apply dry sterile dressings and seek medical attention.

Heat Cramps

  • Painful spasms usually in leg and abdominal muscles.
  • Heavy sweating.

(First Aid): Firm pressure on cramping muscles or gentle massage to relieve spasm. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue.

Heat Exhaustion

  • Heavy sweating
  • weakness
  • skin cold
  • pale and clammy
  • Weak pulse
  • Normal temperature possible
  • Fainting
  • vomiting.

(First Aid): Get victim to lie down in a cool place. Loosen clothing. Apply cool, wet cloths. Fan or move victim to air-conditioned place. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue. If vomiting occurs, seek immediate medical attention.

Heat/Sun Stroke

  • High body temperature (106+)
  • Hot, dry skin.
  • Rapid, strong pulse.
  • Possible unconsciousness.
  • Victim will likely not sweat.

(First Aid): Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Call 9-1-1 or emergency medical services or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal. Move victim to a cooler environment. Try a cool bath or sponging to reduce body temperature. Use extreme caution. Remove clothing. Use fans and/or air conditioners. 

DO NOT GIVE FLUIDS

Quick Safety Tips:

  • Avoid the heat when you are able.
  • Dress lightly while keeping skin covered and consider reflective materials and colors.
  • Drink for the heat. Water and natural juices. You’re body can lose more fluids than you take in very quickly.
  • Do not "drink" in the heat. Alcohol should be avoided as it furthers dehydration. Also caffeinated beverages and sodas prevent the body from naturally releasing excess heat.
  • Do not leave children or pets alone in vehicles, even with the air running as it could stop without notice while you are away.
  • Protect windows, dim or turn off lights, and avoid using the oven when possible.

Special Note: This article or any article herein, is not intended to substitute for informed medical advice. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or condition. Always check with your doctor before changing your diet, altering your sleep habits, taking supplements, or starting a new fitness routine. Always consult with your Doctor First